The Community Service Block Grant Program (CSBG) is the core source of federal funding for Community Action Agencies. It was created in 1981 under the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981. Local anti-poverty agencies utilized CSBG dollars in a wide variety of ways. They provide not only for the assurance that basic human needs are met, but they offer local CSBG grantees with a flexible source of revenue which can be used to fill in the gaps of the costs of implementing anti-poverty programs CSBG funds have allowed individuals C.A.A.'s to function as a laboratory, experimenting in new and alternative approaches to solve the problems faced by people with low income. CSBG allows local agencies to mobilize resources and to develop a multi-faceted approach to providing assistance and to "help people help themselves." In addition to funding shelter for the homeless, Carver C.A.A.'s helped to obtain day care and job training as well as giving moral support which so often makes the difference between a "hand-out" and a "hand-up." Local uses of the programs funded by CSBG dollars include seven major areas of activity: Emergency Services, Nutrition, Employment, Education, Income Management, Linkages & Coordination and Housing.